Archbishop Luke, in the world Valentin Feliksovich Voino Yasenetskii, was born in Kerch on April 27, 1877 in the family of a pharmacist. His father was a Catholic, his mother was Orthodox. According to the laws of the Russian Empire, children in such families were to be brought up in the Orthodox faith. He was the third of five children.
In Kiev, where the family later moved, Valentin graduated from high school and drawing school. I was going to enter the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts, but after thinking about choosing a life path, I decided that I was obliged to do only what was “useful for suffering people,” and chose medicine instead of painting. However, at the Faculty of Medicine of the Kiev University of St. Vladimir, all the vacancies were filled, and Valentin enters the Faculty of Law. For a while, the attraction to painting again prevailed, he went to Munich and entered the private school of Professor Knirr, but three weeks later, homesick, returned to Kiev, where he continued drawing and painting, finally Valentin fulfilled his ardent desire ” to be useful to the peasants who are so poorly provided with medical care ”, and enters the medical faculty of the Kiev University of St. Vladimir. He studies brilliantly. “In my third year,” he writes in his Memoirs, “an interesting evolution of my abilities took place: the ability to draw very subtly and love of form turned into love of anatomy …”
In 1903 Valentin Feliksovich graduated from the university. Despite the persuasion of his friends to do science, he announced his desire to be a “muzhik”, zemstvo doctor, to help poor people all his life. The Russo-Japanese War began. Valentin Feliksovich was offered service in the Red Kpect detachment in the Far East. There he headed the department of surgery at the hospital of the Kiev Red Cross of Chita, where he met his sister of mercy Anna Lanskaya and married her. In Chita, the young couple did not live long.
From 1905 to 1917, V.F. In 1908 he came to Moscow and became an external student of the surgical clinic of Professor P.I.Dyakonov.
In 1916 VF Voino Yasenedkiy defended his doctoral dissertation “Regional anesthesia”, about which his opponent, the famous surgeon Martynov said: “We are accustomed to the fact that doctoral dissertations are usually written on a given topic, in order to obtain higher appointments in the service. and their scientific value is low. But when I read your book, I got the impression of a bird singing, which cannot but sing, and I highly appreciated it. ” The University of Warsaw awarded Valentin Feliksovich the Chojnacki Prize for the best essay that pioneers new paths in medicine.
From 1917 to 1923 he worked as a surgeon at the New City Hospital of Tashkent, and taught at a medical school, which was later transformed into a medical faculty.
In 1919, the wife of Valentin Feliksovich dies of tuberculosis, leaving four children: Mikhail, Elena, Alexei and Valentin.
In the fall of 1920, V.F. Voino Yasenetsky was invited to head the Department of Operative Surgery and Topographic Anatomy of the State Turkestan University that opened in Tashkent. At this time, he actively participates in church life, attends meetings of the Tashkent church fraternity. In 1920, at one of the church congresses, he was instructed to make a report on the current situation in the Tashkent diocese. The report was highly appreciated by Bishop Innokenty of Tashkent. “Doctor, you have to be a priest,” he told Voino Yasenetsky. “I had no thoughts about the priesthood,” Vladyka Luke recalled, “but I accepted the words of His Grace Innocent as God’s call from the lips of the bishop, and without thinking for a minute:“ Okay, Vladyka! I will be a priest, if it pleases God! »In 1921, Valentin Feliksovich was ordained a deacon, and a week later, on the day of the Presentation of the Lord, His Grace Innocent ordained him a priest. Father Valentin was assigned to the Tashkent cathedral, with the assignment of the duty to preach. As a priest, Voino Yasenetsky never ceases to operate and lecture. In October 1922, he actively participates in the first scientific congress of doctors of Turkestan.
The wave of renovationism in 1923 reaches Tashkent. Bishop Innocent left the city without handing over the pulpit to anyone. Then Father Valentin, together with Archpriest Mikhail Andreev, took over the administration of the diocese, united all the remaining faithful priests and church elders, and organized a congress with the permission of the GPU.
In 1923, Father Valentine takes monastic vows. The Right Reverend Andrew, Bishop of Ukhtomsk, intended to give Father Valentin the name of the healer Panteleimon during the tonsure, but after attending the liturgy performed by the tonsured one and listening to his sermon, he settled on the name of the apostle, evangelist, doctor and artist St. Luke. On May 30 of the same year, Hieromonk Luke was secretly consecrated bishop in the church of St. Nicholas Mir of the Lycian city of Penjikent by Bishop Daniel of Volkhov and Bishop of Suzdal Basil. The exiled priest Valentin Svenditsky was present at the consecration. Bishop Luke was appointed Bishop of Turkestan.
On June 10, 1923, Bishop Luke was arrested as a supporter of Patriarch Tikhon. A ridiculous charge was brought against him: relations with the Orenburg counter-revolutionary Cossacks and communication with the British. In the prison of the Tashkent GPU, Vladyka Luka finished his, which later became famous, work “Essays on Purulent Surgery”. In August he was sent to the Moscow GPU.
In Moscow, Vladyka received permission to live in a private apartment. He served with Patriarch Tikhon the liturgy at the Church of the Resurrection of Christ in Kadashi. His Holiness confirmed the right of the Bishop of Turkestan Luke to continue to engage in surgery. In Moscow, Vladyka was arrested again and placed in Butyrskaya and then in Taganskaya prison, where Vladyka suffered a severe flu. By December, the East Siberian stage was formed, and Bishop Luke, along with Archpriest Mikhail Andreev, were sent into exile on the Yenisei. The path lay through Tyumen, Omsk, Novonikolaevsk (present-day Novosibirsk), Krasnoyarsk. The prisoners were transported in Stolypin wagons, and the last part of the journey to the Yeniseisk – 400 kilometers – in the fierce January cold, they had to overcome in a sleigh. In Yeniseisk, all the churches that remained open belonged to the “living churchmen,” and the bishop served in an apartment. He was allowed to operate. At the beginning of 1924, according to a resident of Yeniseisk, Vladyka Luka transplanted the kidneys of a calf to a dying man, after which the patient felt better. But officially, the first such operation is considered to be carried out by Dr. I. I. Voronov in 1934, a pig kidney transplant to a woman with uremia.
In March 1924, Bishop Luka was arrested and sent under escort to the Yenisei region, to the village of Khaya on the Chuna River. In June, he again returned to Yeniseisk, but soon followed by deportation to Turukhansk, where Vladyka served, preached and operated. In January 1925 he was sent to Plakhino – a remote place on the Yenisei beyond the Arctic Circle, in April he was transferred back to Turukhansk.
At the end of the exile, Vladyka returns to Tashkent, settles in a house on Uchitelskaya Street and serves in the Church of St. Sergius of Radonezh.
On May 6, 1930, Vladyka was arrested in the case of the death of Ivan Petrovich Mikhailovsky, professor of the medical faculty at the Department of Physiology, who shot himself in a deranged state. On May 15, 1931, after a year in prison, a verdict was passed (without trial): a link to three years in Arkhangelsk.
In 1931-1933, Vladyka Luka lived in Arkhangelsk, he was receiving outpatient patients. Vera Mikhailovna Valneva, with whom he lived, treated patients with homemade ointments from the soil – cataplasms. Vladyka was interested in the new method of treatment, and he applied it in a hospital, where he employed Vera Mikhailovna. And in subsequent years, he conducted numerous studies in this area.
In November 1933, Metropolitan Sergius invited His Grace Luke to take up a vacant episcopal see. However, Vladyka did not accept the offer.
After spending a short time in Crimea, Vladyka returned to Arkhangelsk, where he received patients, but did not operate.
In the spring of 1934, Vladyka Luka visited Tashkent, then moved to Andijan, performed operations, and gave lectures. Here he falls ill with papatachi fever, which threatens with loss of vision, after an unsuccessful operation, he becomes blind in one eye. In the same year, finally, it was possible to publish “Essays on Purulent Surgery”. He performs church services and runs a branch of the Tashkent Institute of Emergency Medicine.
December 13, 1937 – new arrest. In prison, Vladyka is interrogated with a conveyor belt (13 days without sleep), with the requirement to sign the protocols. He goes on hunger strike (18 days), does not sign protocols. A new deportation to Siberia follows. From 1937 to 1941, Vladyka lived in the village of Bolshaya Murta, Krasnoyarsk Region.
The Great Patriotic War began. In September 1941, Vladyka was taken to Krasnoyarsk to work at the local evacuation center – a health care facility from dozens of hospitals designed to treat the wounded.
In 1943, His Grace Luke became Archbishop of Krasnoyarsk. A year later he was transferred to Tambov by the Archbishop of Tambov and Michurinsky. There he continues his medical work: in his care 150 hospitals.
In 1945, the pastoral and medical activities of Vladyka were noted: he is awarded the right to wear a diamond cross on a klobuk and is awarded the medal “For Valiant Labor in the Great Patriotic War of 1941 1945”.
In February 1946, Archbishop Luka of Tambov and Michurinsky became a laureate of the 1st degree Stalin Prize for the scientific development of new surgical methods for the treatment of purulent diseases and wounds, set out in the scientific works “Essays on purulent surgery” and “Late resections for infected gunshot wounds of the joints.”
In 1945 1947 he completed work on the essay “Spirit, Soul and Body”, begun in the early 1920s.
On May 26, 1946, His Grace Luke, despite the protests of the Tambov flock, was transferred to Simferopol and appointed Archbishop of Crimea and Simferopol.
1946 The 1961 years were entirely devoted to the archpastoral ministry. The eye disease progressed, and in 1958 she became completely blind.
However, as Archpriest Evgeny Vorshevsky recalls, even such an ailment did not prevent Vladyka from performing Divine services. Archbishop Luke entered the church without assistance, kissed the icons, recited the service prayers and the Gospel by heart, anointed with oil, and delivered heartfelt sermons. The blinded archpastor also continued to rule the Simferopol diocese for three years and sometimes admit patients, amazing local doctors with unmistakable diagnoses.
His Grace Luke died on June 11, 1961, on the Day of All Saints Who Shone in the Land of Russia. Vladyka was buried at the city cemetery of Simferopol.
In 1996, the Holy Synod of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate made a decision to canonate His Eminence Archbishop Luke to the canon of locally revered saints, as a Prelate and Confessor of the Faith. On March 18, 1996, the discovery of the holy remains of Archbishop Luke took place, which on March 20 were transferred to the Holy Trinity Cathedral in Simferopol. Here, on May 25, the solemn act of canoning His Eminence Luke to the canon of locally revered saints took place. From now on, every morning, at 7 o’clock, in the Holy Trinity Cathedral of Simferopol, an akathist is performed to the saint at his shrine.
His Eminence Vladyka Lazar consecrated a place in the village of Kyatsiveli for the construction of a church in honor of St. Luke. Later, the foundation stone of the temple was consecrated.