It is impossible to establish a natural process by acting unnaturally
ore feeding (ORE) is a natural physiological process that follows childbirth. The body of a woman who has given birth is ideally prepared for breastfeeding. According to statistics, only about 2% of women have objective reasons that do not allow to practice it. Then why so often mothers complain that there are such difficulties with hepatitis B, such as a lack of milk, insufficient weight gain or breast problems? Why does this process, honed over millennia, fail so badly? Has something changed in him recently?
The natural process has not changed. Our way of life has changed. And this was most evident in the 20th century. The industrialization process required a labor force, therefore, women who were not dependent on children were in demand; strollers, separate cots and early lures became fashionable. The consequence of urbanization is small isolated families in which expectant mothers had no experience of caring for babies, communicating with them and often never saw GW in person.
By the end of the last century, aggressive advertising of artificial nutrition was also connected. Formula manufacturers extol GV as an ideal, while artificial feeding is the norm and concludes that “breastfeeding is more complete and optimal”. This is essentially true, but there is a catch. Indeed, in our case, the biological norm, a sample for comparison, is the natural physiological process of breastfeeding. In comparison with it, it turns out that the mixture is defective and suboptimal and less suitable for the child’s body. And artificially fed children are inferior to infants in terms of immunity resistance, intellectual development and many other parameters. Of course, such a presentation of the product is disadvantageous for the mixture producers. However, in order to make informed decisions, it is important to understand such information substitutions.
Breast milk cannot be completely reconstituted. Each pair of mother-child has it individually. According to scientists, the number of its components ranges from 400 to 4000 (20-30 in mixtures). The composition of milk (proteins, fats, carbohydrates, immunity factors, vitamins, hormones, etc.) is constantly being studied not only by individual laboratories, but also by entire institutes. Those substances that can be discovered are often patented – they are so unique. In addition to food and drink, breastfeeding also satisfies the other basic needs of an infant who is born completely immature and dependent. This is, firstly, physical contact with the mother – the child is not aware of himself as a separate creature and feels his body only through external touches to the skin, which is very sensitive during this period. Secondly, the need for warmth and safety from strong physical influences. Thirdly, quenching the sucking reflex and saturation. In addition, it is easier for a nursing mother to notice that the baby is wet and to satisfy the need for comfort as well.
The benefits of breastfeeding for a baby are obvious and invaluable. But this process is also very important for the mother’s health and is the key to a positive psychological attitude, optimal hormonal levels, quick recovery of the pre-pregnant state, and in the future – a lesser likelihood of osteoporosis, breast cancer, uterus and other serious diseases.
It is necessary that the expectant mother has complete information about hepatitis B before birth, after which a large number of questions about lactation immediately arise. A significant help in this can be the “Rules for Successful Breastfeeding”, which WHO formulated back in the late 1980s. last century.
• It is important to know that early breastfeeding (during the first hours after birth) is invaluable for the development of lactation and the formation of the mother and baby’s attitude to breastfeeding.
• Pre-breastfeeding should be avoided, that is, do not bottle-feed the newborn before the mother puts it to the breast. The child must have the correct imprinting – recognition and memorization of the process of breastfeeding. In addition, the stomach of a newborn is about the size of a cherry, so the few milliliters of colostrum secreted from the mother’s breast are enough for him to feed in the first 1-3 days.
• The processes of establishing closer contact between mother and child and mutual learning of GW are very positively influenced by the joint stay of the mother and the child after childbirth.
• Correct positioning of the baby at the breast is essential for effective suckling and comfort for the mother. Signs of correct attachment (the way the baby grabs and sucks at the breast) are: a wide open mouth with lips turned outward, with the nipple and almost the entire areola in the mouth, the chin touches the mother’s breast, the nose breathes freely, while sucking, the cheeks are rounded and swallowing is noticeable. There are three main feeding positions that help to effectively empty all the lobes of the breast: “cradle”, “from under the arm” and “lying down”. It is recommended that you complete all three at least once a day for each breast during the first 1-2 months. It is very important that the mother is comfortable and relaxed in any breastfeeding position.
• For a successful breastfeeding, it is necessary to establish on-demand feeding , when the breast is offered even at the slightest hint from the child: searching movement of the head, lips, mouth opening, etc. In this case, latching on to the breast even up to 4 times per hour is considered normal. Unfortunately, in some maternity hospitals, feeding according to the regimen is still practiced. At the same time, it has been proven that large artificial intervals between feedings lead to a gradual extinction of lactation and the need for supplementary feeding.
• It is important for mothers to adhere to the rule that will support optimal weight gain and lactation – the duration of feeding is regulated by the baby . Feeding ends when the baby is removed from the breast. In a child’s life there may be periods of long “hanging” on the chest, which are easy to come to terms with, realizing that breastfeeding is a sedative, communication with mom and “ordering food for the future”, since the very process of sucking stimulates milk production.
• Night breastfeeds are very important , as they are the most complete (all participants are relaxed and in no hurry). In addition, it has been proven that a large amount of prolactin, a hormone responsible for milk production, is produced in response to sucking at night and in the morning.
• Since milk contains 88–90% water, breastfed babies do not need to be supplemented . In hot weather, it is recommended to simply apply it to the chest more often. The imaginary feeling of fullness when supplementing can reduce appetite, which means that it can be reflected in weight gain and breast stimulation.
• Nipples, bottles and pacifiers are breast substitutes . They “take” part of the sucking reflex on themselves, which will affect weight and maintain lactation. In addition, the sucking process on the nipple and breast is different, which can lead to nipple injuries, restless baby behavior under the breast and other consequences. For supplementary feeding, it is better to use non-sucking items (syringe, spoons, sippy cups, etc.).
• Adequate feeds last 20 minutes or longer, so your baby gets enough fat for good weight gain.
• Breast hygiene can be done during a general shower 1–2 times a day. Frequent washing removes the secretion produced by the Montgomery glands and which has antibacterial and emollient properties. This can damage the nipple while sucking.
• Frequent weighing of a child does not provide objective information. Weighing no more than once a week is indicative. Based on two signs: a weekly increase and the number of urinations, a reliable conclusion can be made about the adequacy of nutrition for HB. For a child under 6 months, the number of urinations should be more than 10-12 times a day.
• Additional pumping is not needed . When feeding on demand, milk is produced as much as the baby needs, otherwise hyperlactation is possible.
• It has been proven that until 6 months of age the baby’s gastrointestinal tract is not ready for other food, therefore, until this point, only breastfeeding is recommended .
• It is recommended to breastfeed your baby for at least 2 years. During this period, there is a maximum assimilation of nutrients from breast milk. It is positive to continue breastfeeding further. This ensures the child’s strong immunity, as well as psychological and emotional comfort.
• Support of nursing mothers is very important , especially moral support . Communication with women who fed their children up to 2-4 years old can help in this.
Note that all of these rules bring us closer to natural breastfeeding behavior. Indeed, modern science is only rediscovering the natural wisdom inherent in us from birth and blurred by the superficial stereotypes of “adult” life. This is also why it is so important to follow a child who is naturally pure and wise, and not only in matters of breastfeeding.
It is important to remember that problems that arise are normal and natural. We all have the ability to solve them. Remember: a woman who gives birth to a child will always be an ideal mother for him. No one will understand him better than she.
Comments by Kristina Khlystova, certified nutritionist, online trainer and author of the courses “Cleansing on live food” and “Cleansing a nursing mother and baby on live food”:
Why is breastfeeding the most natural process in motherhood?
Because it is a natural physiological continuation of pregnancy and childbirth. It is conceived by nature itself. If we abstract from society and civilization, then in nature the survival of an infant depends on whether the mother can breastfeed him. There are no mixtures, no pure water, no nipple and no bottles – even more so. The mother carries the baby in her arms, in sling, breastfeeds him on demand and regularly unloads him, because a loud scream or smell can attract unwanted attention.
Where, then, does the myth of the “non-dairy mother” come from?
We owe this to the peculiarities of history over the past 150 years. In the merchant and peasant families of pre-revolutionary Russia, women breastfed for at least three long posts (about 2 years). In high society, breastfeeding was considered bad form, so the child was given to the nurse, and the breast was pulled over. Because of such trauma to the chest, there was a high mortality rate from the so-called “chest fever”, that is, purulent mastitis.
After the revolution and the civil war, when there were not enough men, women were forced to work hard in production and in agriculture. This is how the clock-feeding regime arises, because because of the need to work, the mother could not be with the baby all the time. After the Second World War, the position of women became even more difficult. It was necessary to raise the country and work literally everywhere. During this period, a rigid feeding regime is established by the hour. The crumbs remain in the nursery under the supervision of the staff, who are forced to feed with formula and not on demand. A ban is introduced on night feedings and joint sleep (after all, a woman had to sleep after a hard day’s work). Naturally, without active breast stimulation (sucking on demand) and nocturnal feedings (release of prolactin, which is responsible for the amount of milk, especially in the early morning hours!), Lactation dies out. Moms at work. The chest swells, a huge number of mastitis. Therefore, the mixtures become simply salvation! They are being introduced everywhere. However, their composition is imperfect, and children develop vitamin deficiency. As a result, early complementary foods are introduced when the child is not yet ready. Artificial rather than natural breastfeeding is becoming the norm.
In addition, regular feeding often provokes breast problems (cracks and soreness from improper attachment, lactostasis and mastitis). Hence the myth about the pain, complexity and even indecency of breastfeeding. And so, several generations of such “non-dairy mothers” give birth to the idea that this is the norm. Girls in families do not have a positive experience of breastfeeding; their brothers and sisters are fed with formula from a bottle. Even dolls today are sold with bottles and nipples, taking such feeding for granted!
What is the marketing code of breast milk substitutes?
In 1960, 100% of Mexican children were breastfed for up to six months, and in 1970, 9% of babies were breastfed at six months. What has happened in these ten years? It’s just that the manufacturers of mixtures came to Mexico with aggressive advertising.
In 1981, the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes was created. In Russia, alas, few people know about the very fact of the existence of the code. And even more so, no one is in a hurry to observe it. The Code does not prohibit the sale and use of mixtures. The purpose of the code is to protect mothers from aggressive advertisements, which say from all sides that the formula is as healthy as mother’s milk! There is a strict prohibition in the provisions of the code: no advertising of any breast milk substitutes; no ads for feeding bottles or nipples; no free samples and probes, especially in healthcare facilities. What do we see in pharmacies? Women’s clinics? Maternity hospitals? Fact: Mothers who received formula samples were 39% more likely to quit breastfeeding than those who did not. These are the sad statistics …
And even sadder is that 10 years ago, according to a survey, 48% of mothers in Russia did not see the difference between mother’s milk and formula at all! Just think about it!
Ecological breastfeeding eliminates the use of bottles or nipples, separation of mother and baby, parenting of a feeding schedule, or restriction of night feeds. Please note: this is not the “best” and even less the “ideal”, as manufacturers of artificial nutrition try to convince in their advertising, but the norm. This is the standard that every child needs for normal growth and development.
What is the uniqueness and benefits of breast milk?
Lactation begins with the release of colostrum in the first days after birth. It is a yellow liquid containing all the components to ensure the immunity of the newborn. It contains 8-14% protein, immunoglobulin A, a large number of leukocytes, more than 130 types of prebiotics, a large number of vitamins (some more than in mature milk, for example, A, E and others). Has a laxative effect for faster removal of meconium from the intestines of the child. No mixture can provide such protection for the baby’s body. More than 150 patents for breast milk components for drug production have been received worldwide.
Next comes “transitional milk”. It has hundreds of different components, the ratio of which is constantly changing depending on the needs of a particular child during the day, week. Transitional milk contains lactoferrin, a unique constituent of human milk. This is a milk protein, the main function of which is to bind and transport iron in the body, and its “side” effects are active fight against any infection, regulation of natural immunity and even slowing down the growth of tumors and metastases. 1 gram of lactoferrin from cow’s milk costs more than $ 1,000, and from human milk – more than $ 3,000. At the same time, the content of lactoferrin in cow’s milk is about 0.1 g per liter, and in female milk – 2 g per liter. This is how high the cost of natural nutrition that every mother can give to her baby! If consider, that the baby eats about a liter, such food costs more than $ 6,000! That’s the price! Who here said that the mixture and milk are equivalent ?!
Interestingly, the lactoferrin content is maximum in the first 5 days of a baby’s life. Then it significantly decreases and begins to increase again already in the second year of feeding. A very important factor in protecting longevity! Feed your children over 1.5-2 years old! This is no longer food, but pure immunity for them!
Mature breast milk also contains vitamins and minerals that are essential for the growth and development of the human body. The composition of breast milk changes not only during a month or a day, but also during one feeding, depending on the individual needs of the child!
Breast milk is easily digested and absorbed by the baby, helping to develop and maintain healthy intestinal microflora. Most of the milk components cannot be recreated in laboratories. In the most adapted mixtures there are only about 60 of them. And in milk there are more than 300 of them, and this number continues to grow. Breast milk contains the best ratio of protein, fat, vitamins and minerals that is easy for your baby to digest. It is not possible to achieve such a ratio industrially. Medical studies have shown that the incidence of infants is 70% lower than that of “artificial”.
What are the benefits of breastfeeding for babies?
Artificial food is a standardized artificial food that is not designed for your one and only baby. It makes his life systems work in emergency mode. Breast milk substitutes are created on the basis of cow’s milk, which is completely different from human milk. In addition to the fact that mom’s milk is always at hand, it is also absolutely sterile. The industrial production of formula poses a great risk to the health of the child. There are a lot of cases when arsenic, plastic, broken glass, lead, etc. have been found more than once in the mixtures of world famous manufacturers. And how many confused labels, which is fraught with lost health for “allergic” children! A lot of terrible things are happening in this area.
What are the benefits of breastfeeding for mothers?
Breastfeeding is a completely natural part of a woman’s reproductive cycle, a mandatory continuation of pregnancy and childbirth. Oxytocin promotes recovery after childbirth, rapid uterine contraction and stopping postpartum bleeding. Due to the long absence of menstruation, a nursing mother is better protected from iron deficiency anemia. Breastfeeding seriously protects a woman from breast and ovarian cancers (20% less with each birth if the baby has been breastfed for at least two months).
Psychological benefits: GW has a very strong effect on the character of the mother, making her softer, more calm and sensitive, especially with the baby. An invisible thread of mutual affection, an intuitive connection, arises and becomes stronger and stronger.
Do all mothers have the opportunity to breastfeed?
According to WHO statistics, about 3% of women cannot breastfeed. Moreover, these 3% fall on the situation of some serious diseases of the mother or child, while a certain number of women, if desired, can establish mixed feeding. That is, roughly speaking, only 1–2% of women really cannot feed! In our country, almost every second person refuses GW for one reason or another.
However, in the vast majority of situations, breastfeeding is not only possible, but also helps restore health. For example, with common infectious mild diseases of the mother, chickenpox, cytomegalovirus – in all these cases, when feeding, the child, on the contrary, without even having time to get sick himself, already receives protection in the form of antibodies with milk. The likelihood of transmission of hepatitis A and B through breast milk is negligible compared to the risk of intrauterine transmission. Therefore, if during childbirth the infection of the child did not occur, there are no contraindications for breastfeeding. Staphylococcus and streptococcus in the mother, endometritis, urinary tract infections may well be cured with continued breastfeeding. There is no prohibition to feed with mastitis (moreover, breastfeeding contributes to its faster cure). But this is a double-edged sword:
Finally, it is worth saying a few words about situations where the mother is convinced that even if she can feed, she will not have enough milk. For example, in the case of multiple births. In fact, active feeding increases milk production. If desired, if the mother has good support, she can feed successfully and for a long time!
Why shouldn’t a breastfed baby be supplemented with water until 6–8 months?
The water content in breast milk is about 90%. If we start to supplement the baby before the introduction of complementary foods, we run the risk of facing several dangers. The first danger is malnutrition due to the perceived feeling of fullness due to water. As much as the child drank water, he did not finish the milk. A baby grows from milk, but not from water. Accordingly, the second danger is a decrease in breast stimulation and a decrease in milk production. The result is breastfeeding. In addition, mom’s milk is sterile, but water is not. This is a big risk to disturb the microflora of the baby, which will bring a lot of trouble with the “problem tummy”.
What supporters of regimen feeding don’t know about?
Firstly, frequent sucking is a physiological norm for a baby, because mother’s milk is absorbed much faster than the mixture (when feeding which, in fact, certain intervals are maintained so that the tummy is resting and everything is assimilated).
Secondly, sucking on the mother’s breast is not only nutrition, but also communication with the mother, ensuring psychological comfort and good development of the baby.
Why are nipples and pacifiers not recommended?
• The baby’s mouth muscles get tired of the nipple and the baby suckles less. Accordingly, mother’s milk production decreases.
• The infant has “nipple confusion” and may not suckle properly.
• Any nipple is a source of infection.
• Nipples are the cause of abnormal growth of the jaw, crooked and aching teeth, and malocclusion.
• Violation of vocal organs: poor diction develops, pronunciation is lame.
• The dummy closes the child on itself. After all, they do not pay the attention he needs. Communication with mom is significantly weakened.
• Dummies have been shown to be associated with childhood autism.
What are the benefits of longevity?
It is no coincidence that WHO recommends breastfeeding a baby for at least (!) 2 years. After a year, breast milk changes its composition. It is no longer the main food for the baby, and immune functions come to the fore. The older the child becomes, the greater the concentration of immunoglobulins in milk. In the second year of feeding, the usual daily milk intake that a breastfed baby receives (on average 448 ml) provides 43% of the protein requirement, 36% of the calcium requirement, 75% of vitamin A, 94% of vitamin B12 and 60% of vitamin C. Competent dentists and orthodontists especially note the benefits of longevity for the correct formation of the maxillofacial skeleton, eruption of deciduous and permanent teeth.
The psychological aspects of longevity are no less important. Unfortunately, for many people, “you can feed the other food” automatically turns into “you need to feed the other food”. However, premature forced weaning can delay emotional development and increase dependence on parents. One of the foreign studies has shown that the longer a child breastfeeds, the better social adaptation goes later, at the age of six or eight. Babies over one year old are characterized by emotional instability (either teeth are erupting, then they have a cold, then the regime has gone astray, then something is beyond their strength, the child begins to get upset due to the inconsistency of their desires with their capabilities, etc.), and while maintaining GW, the whole family is much easier to pass the difficult time of age-related psychological and physical crises.
You can learn the technique of correct latching to the breast and get help in establishing lactation with the help of breastfeeding consultants.