Ecological Education in Early Preschool Age || Objectives and Nature of Environmental Education || Environment Education Definition for Kids
In order for people to form a respectful attitude towards nature, it is necessary to educate children from an early age. Environmental education implies the development of ideas about the world around and ways to preserve it.
Talking about why you shouldn’t throw litter and protect endangered species is helpful, but ineffective. It is much better to conduct educational work together with the development of cognitive activity.
Tasks of environmental education:
- Develop responsibility for the world around you.
- Prevent the development of destructive actions.
- Form an idea of the close relationship between nature and all living things;
- Develop an aesthetic taste.
Environmental education can be carried out in many ways and therefore should not be limited to one thing. At a younger preschool age, children are responsive and if it is possible for them to explain other people’s feelings, then they will learn the material for a long time.
A respect for nature is formed gradually. The child is told why it is impossible to pick flowers, break bushes, throw stones at squirrels and birds. He is attracted to caring for houseplants and pets.
During walks, you can talk about environmental problems and solutions. For example, if garbage is lying around, it poisons the soil and poses a danger to birds and animals. Plastic that floats in the world’s oceans destroys fish and sea animals.
It is advisable to often go to parks, forests, lakes, rivers. In such an environment, it is easier to acquaint with the local flora and fauna. Zoos, botanical gardens, museums will be a good base.
In order to form a correct attitude towards nature in a child, you need to show him what and how it works in the world. For example, sand can be dry or wet. The child is asked to touch both species, study it and compare. Dry can be poured (for example), and wet is an excellent material for modeling.
Traces and prints remain well on wet sand, but dry sand is more pleasant to hold in your hands, and it can warm up. It becomes wet after being wetted with water or rain.
Such simple experiments allow you to visually demonstrate to the child that everything affects the environment. And not always positive. For example, a discarded cigarette butt or a carelessly lit fire will start a fire. He will destroy not only trees, but also many living beings.
Parents should be an example and a model in everything. Then children will adopt behavior and habits. For example, if a mother grows indoor flowers and takes care of them, then the baby will repeat her actions. You can buy him a small watering can and ask for help in watering. Plants with large leaves need to be washed and the child can do it on their own.
It is good to cultivate an attitude towards nature through caring for fish or animals. It is enough to have a mouse or aquarium pets. A preschooler, under the supervision of an adult, can feed, clean the cage, and play.