History of Abortion in Russia | Abortion was illegal in the Russian Empire - Adishhub

History of Abortion in Russia | Abortion was illegal in the Russian Empire

We live in a world in which abortion is legal, we are accustomed to the fact that this is the norm of life, and this is a reasonable decision of a modern, liberated woman. To understand the problem more deeply, it is worth considering whether it has always been this way? Is it everywhere now? Who and when formed the idea that abortion is a natural and adequate choice? One way or another, women from ancient times have tried to solve the problem of “unplanned” pregnancy, it would be pointless to deny this fact.

History of abortion in Russia

The only question is how society and the state treated the “etching of the fetus”, and, accordingly, how often women decided to resort to this method. Let’s take a look at the history of the issue.

In Christian countries, until the 20th century, the killing of unborn children was prohibited by law. In Russia in the 15th and 18th centuries, for poisoning a fruit with a potion or with the help of a midwife, a priest imposed penance on a woman for a period of 5 to 15 years. In the second half of the 17th century, Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich Romanov adopted a law according to which a harsh punishment was established for artificial termination of pregnancy – the death penalty. It was canceled only by Peter I in 1715. According to the punishment regulation of 1845, abortion was equated with willful infanticide. The blame for this crime was attributed to both the doctors and the women themselves. Abortion was punishable by hard labor from 4 to 10 years for a doctor and exile to Siberia or stay in a correctional institution from 4 to 6 years for the woman herself.

Moreover, the presence of a medical education in the abortion was considered as an aggravating circumstance. A later bill from the Russian Ministry of Justice threatened the mother, guilty of killing the fetus, with imprisonment in a correctional home for up to 3 years. The same punishment was provided for any person guilty of killing a pregnant fetus, moreover, if this person was a doctor or a midwife, then the court had the right to deprive the guilty of practice for up to 5 years and publish its verdict. Third parties were also subject to punishment, even if they, with the consent of the pregnant woman, participated in the act, as well as accomplices who delivered the necessary funds for the destruction of the fetus. If the killing of the fetus occurred without the consent of the pregnant woman, then the perpetrators were punished with hard labor for up to 8 years. Careless abortion was not subject to punishment. guilty of killing the fetus, imprisonment in a correctional home for up to 3 years. The same punishment was provided for any person guilty of killing a pregnant fetus, moreover, if this person was a doctor or a midwife, then the court had the right to deprive the guilty of practice for up to 5 years and publish its verdict. Third parties were also subject to punishment, even if they, with the consent of the pregnant woman, participated in the act, as well as accomplices who delivered the necessary funds for the destruction of the fetus. If the killing of the fetus occurred without the consent of the pregnant woman, then the perpetrators were punished with hard labor for up to 8 years. Careless abortion was not subject to punishment. guilty of killing the fetus, imprisonment in a correctional home for up to 3 years.

The same punishment was provided for any person guilty of killing a pregnant fetus, moreover, if this person was a doctor or a midwife, then the court had the right to deprive the guilty of practice for up to 5 years and publish its verdict. Third parties were also subject to punishment, even if they, with the consent of the pregnant woman, participated in the act, as well as accomplices who delivered the necessary funds for the destruction of the fetus. If the killing of the fetus occurred without the consent of the pregnant woman, then the perpetrators were punished with hard labor for up to 8 years. Careless abortion was not subject to punishment. if this person was a doctor or a midwife, then the court had the right to deprive the guilty person of practice for up to 5 years and publish its verdict. Third parties were also subject to punishment, even if they, with the consent of the pregnant woman, participated in the act, as well as accomplices who delivered the necessary funds for the destruction of the fetus. If the killing of the fetus occurred without the consent of the pregnant woman, then the perpetrators were punished with hard labor for up to 8 years. Careless abortion was not subject to punishment.

if this person was a doctor or a midwife, then the court had the right to deprive the guilty person of practice for up to 5 years and publish its verdict. Third parties were also subject to punishment, even if they, with the consent of the pregnant woman, participated in the act, as well as accomplices who delivered the necessary funds for the destruction of the fetus. If the killing of the fetus occurred without the consent of the pregnant woman, then the perpetrators were punished with hard labor for up to 8 years. Careless abortion was not subject to punishment. then the perpetrators were punished with hard labor for up to 8 years. Careless abortion was not subject to punishment. then the perpetrators were punished with hard labor for up to 8 years. Careless abortion was not subject to punishment.

A woman from fear, being in a hopeless situation in her opinion, could have an abortion, but society always said “no”. The state offered other options – foster homes were kept in which it was possible to secretly bring a newly born baby; already under Peter I, obstetric departments were opened, where women were allowed to give birth in a mask without revealing themselves. Of course, the birth of a child out of wedlock, the rejection of it were condemned by society. Such a mother could hardly count on a happy family life if these pages of her biography became known, but at the level of legislation, such an act was considered more adequate, for this was not punished. When did everything change, and the state began to welcome the murder of its smallest citizens? In 1913, at a congress of Russian doctors in memory of N.I. Pirogov, by a majority of votes, it was decided to legalize abortion and exempt both mothers and operating doctors from criminal liability. V.I. Lenin, who considered it to be evidence of the democratic rights of citizens. As a result, a few years after the Bolsheviks came to power, on November 19, 1920, abortion was allowed, and Russia became the first country in the world to legalize abortion at the request of a woman.

At first glance, this is a strange decision for the state. Fast forward a few decades to see when and why other decisions like this were made? For the enslavement of the Slavic countries, Bormann proposes to Hitler the following policy (enshrined in one of the secret orders): “In the case of abortions in the eastern occupied territories, we can only welcome this; in any case, we will not interfere. The Fuehrer hopes that we will expand the widespread trade in contraceptives. We are not interested in the growth of the non-German population. ” “It is necessary to establish widespread production of these (contraceptive) means. The distribution of these funds and abortion should in no way be restricted. The expansion of the network of abortion clinics should be promoted in every possible way, ” – remarks and suggestions on the general plan “Ost” of the Reichsfuehrer of the SS troops Himmler. “I would shoot anyone who tried to ban abortion in Ukraine,” says A. Hitler himself. According to this tactic, abortion should be performed whenever the woman asks for it. The non-Aryan population must be destroyed, and all methods are suitable for this. The results of a similar policy (permitting and encouraging abortion) pursued in the Soviet Union did not take long to come. Statistics reflect the consequences of such a law: according to a special study conducted by V.V. Paevsky in Leningrad, in 1928, only 42% of pregnancies ended in childbirth. The remaining 58% were terminated by abortion. That is, in fact, for every child born, there was one killed … Such a situation, according to the author,

The number of abortions per capita continued to rise further, especially among the urban population. According to I.A. Kurganov, in Moscow in 1934 there were about three abortions per birth. Abortion has become the main and practically the only way to regulate the number of children in a family. Already 4-5 years after the legalization of abortion, the birth rate dropped so much that due to the danger of the demographic crisis in 1936, abortions are legally limited. They were allowed only in case of a threat to the life or serious damage to the health of a woman. The situation changed immediately: the associated risks of maternal mortality also decreased, the indicators of deterioration in reproductive health, infertility, family breakdown, etc. decreased. However, already in 1955, abortions were allowed again, which increases their number to such an extent which brings the USSR to one of the first places in the world for abortions. The state is called upon to protect its citizens: from external enemies, from cataclysms. But for some reason it recommends killing them … Think about these figures: up to 1990, more than 4–4.5 million abortions were performed in Russia every year (more than 20 million in five years). For comparison – for five years of the Great Patriotic War, our human losses amounted to only 6.5 million people.

Ovid wrote in Metamorphoses:

“Is it true for women for the future that they do not participate in battles
And with a shield do not go in a rough soldier formation,
If they themselves wounded themselves without war with their own weapons,
Blindly take up the sword, enmity with their lives?
The one that set an example to throw out a tender embryo –
It would be better if she died in battle with herself!
If in ancient times mothers
liked to act like that, the whole human race would have vanished with such evil! “

So is it worth letting tanks into Russia? Or can everything be done much easier? Does the woman herself decide about the abortion? Or have those who think that our territories are too densely populated have already taken him for her? Let’s see where we come to. These are just dry numbers, but they speak brighter than words: some statistics, set out in dry and official language. By 2002, about 60% of all pregnancies in Russia end in abortion. Russia ranked 2nd in the world after Romania in the number of abortions per capita. Every 10 abortions are performed by girls under 18 years of age. Of the 38 million women of childbearing age living in Russia, about 6 million are infertile, including due to previous abortions. Today, according to the estimates of Mikhail Zurabov, Minister of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation, 1.6–1.7 million abortions are performed annually in Russia. Russia is in first place in the world in the number of abortions: here, even according to official statistics, 70% of all pregnancies end in abortion. Russia is the world leader in the killing of unborn children by mothers and doctors.

According to statistics in Russia:

  • 70% of pregnancies end in abortion;
  • 10% have an abortion on a girl from 10 to 18 years old;
  • 22,000 abortions are performed every day;
  • about 90% of abortions are performed between the 6th and 12th weeks of pregnancy ,
  • almost all abortions cause complications,
  • 7–8% of women become infertile after an abortion.

The chief obstetrician-gynecologist of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, academician of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Vladimir Kulakov, cited the data of the Scientific Center for Obstetrics and Gynecology, of which he is the director: “6-7 million Russian women and 3-4 million men are sterile. These data are incomplete. ” Many doctors say that the official statistics on the number of abortions should be doubled. Demographic situation in Russia. We have 147.5 million people in our country (the last census) – let it be 150 million. Half are pensioners (henceforth, all figures are approximate). In any case, no more than half of the 150 million are able to form a childbearing family. Total – 75 million. Not everyone gets married (especially in the city), even if 2/3 (including divorces), we get 50 million, ie. 25 million pairs Each couple has an average of 1.3 children (in Moscow), even 1.5. 25 x 1.5 = 40 million

Received, roughly (without taking into account the loss for all types of death), the following: 1) 40 million citizens will remain in Russia after 70 years (70 years is the average life expectancy), and in the next 70 years – a decrease in the same amount. 2) for simple reproduction of the population (maintaining the level of 150 million), each family must give birth to 6 children (4 times more than now). We see how different the initial data were for making a choice whether to give birth or not to give birth for even several centuries. Powerful forces created conditions that maximally protect a woman from such an act, or, conversely, push her towards it. Do we have the right to make our own decisions or should our children become victims of someone’s political games? What will happen to our country, our grandchildren and great-grandchildren, if we continue to kill our children? Who needs it and why.

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