What do plants think and talk about? – Remember the “Ents” – the fairy-tale trees from the “Lord of the Rings” trilogy? These are living trees, which in the film played a key role in the fight against a dark magician who cut down forests and thereby deprived the “Ents” of their habitat. There is an opinion that Tolkien did not fantasize at all when he wrote his books, but in an artistic form described some esoteric knowledge that somehow became available to him. As is usually the case in such cases, the half-truths are shown in science fiction films – they are exaggerated to make everything look like science fiction.
However, it is as old as the world – in order to hide the truth, you need to leave it on the surface.
This was the case with the films “The Matrix”, “Moscow 2017” and many others, where, in general, the truth is shown, but in such a form that it looks like science fiction.
What about trees? Are they really capable of thinking, feeling, and even speaking? It seems completely incredible. And do we, intelligent beings, have something to learn from them? However, our ancestors treated plants more respectfully. For example, have you ever wondered why the great yoga practitioners meditated under a tree?
The fact is that in a tree the energy moves from the bottom up (the roots draw out moisture and direct it to the branches), and when a person sits under a tree, his energy begins to move upward in sync with the energy of the tree.
For example, in the Cossack salvation there is a practice tree of life, which allows you to accumulate energy, and the name speaks for itself. During this practice, a person stands motionless, like a tree, raising his arms like branches, and this allows the accumulation of energy.
What are trees and plants? Could it be that these are living beings from whom we have a lot to learn? Let’s try to figure it out.
Have you ever wondered where the mass of wood comes from? An interesting experiment was conducted by the scientist Jan Baptist van Helmont. We all know that a tree feeds on carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and water from the earth. And the scientist became interested in the question of what exactly the tree forms its, so to speak, “body” from.
For the experiment, the scientist took the earth, from where, for the purity of the experiment, he removed all the water, and planted a willow seedling weighing 2 kg in it. The mass of the earth itself was 80 kg. For five years, the scientist took care of the tree, watering it only with rainwater. Five years later, he pulled out the earth and weighed it.
It turned out that the weight of the earth was 79 kg 943 g, while the weight of the tree itself after five years was 76.5 kg. That is, for all five years of tree growth, the mass of the earth has practically not changed. It turns out that all that is needed for growth, the tree takes from water and air, and all the carbon from which the “body” of the tree is created, is taken from the air. The earth, in fact, plays only the role of support and platform for the growth of the tree for microorganisms, which also supply the tree with nutrients. This explains the fact
It is no coincidence that the color of the trees is green. Thanks to this very color, trees are able to filter sunlight so that CO 2 breaks down and forms carbon, from which the tree creates its body. The tree does the same with water, decomposing it into hydrogen and oxygen. And in the process, a hydrocarbon is formed. This is how a tree forms its body mass from sun, water and air.
Trees are one of the oldest creatures that live on earth much longer than humans, namely about 500 million years. Some of the trees in their mass reach ten tons. And as we have already found out, all this is created literally out of thin air. But the most interesting thing is further. It turns out that people and trees have a lot in common. Erwin Thoma, Ph.D. in technical sciences and tree specialist, spoke about this in his report.
If you take the smallest particle of human flesh and a particle of wood and examine them under a microscope, then the difference between them will not be fundamental. So, according to the research of Erwin Thom, photosynthesis, due to which miraculous transformations of trace elements occur, is provided by chlorophyll. This is not news, but another interesting fact. The fact is that there is a difference between chlorophyll and hemoglobin – which makes up human blood – instead of magnesium, hemoglobin contains iron, and the rest of their structures are almost identical.
So what can trees teach us? Born from a seed, the tree stretches upward towards the light. A tree already from the first days of life knows its purpose, and it is to grow up and develop. Many of people, even in adulthood, understand their purpose, not to mention children?
But how do trees interact with each other? There is an opinion that in the forest between them there is a constant competition and struggle, in which strong trees “strangle” the weak. However, in reality, competition occurs at the initial stage of plant development, when several seeds germinate nearby, the one that is stronger will survive. But further, the development of each tree and the capture of space by it goes exactly until the moment until which it does not cause discomfort to other trees.
You yourself can notice this – adult trees never interfere with each other, they grow just enough to exist harmoniously. Although purely theoretically, with their roots and crown, they could grow endlessly, and in the end everything would come to the conclusion that the forest would consist of several giant trees, which turned out to be the strongest. But why isn’t this happening? Is the intelligence of plants and their ability to interact with each other much higher than that of humans? Plant behavior tells us exactly that.
Are trees really able to hear, feel, think and even speak? Interesting research on the neurobiology of plants was once conducted by the Italian professor Stefano Mancuso, who told a lot about the possibilities of plants. So Stefano Mancuso discovered that weak electrical impulses pass through trees as well as in people. For example, the electrical impulses seen in the root system are identical to the neurons in the human brain. And the root system of a tree is an intelligent living organism. The roots of a tree can move, and move synchronously, adapting to certain environmental conditions.
Mancuso also discovered that the roots of the tree have a kind of “scent” that allows them to grow in exactly the right direction. So the roots of plants in advance (!) Stop growing in the direction where there is any obstacle, and even more, they do not grow in those directions where there may be some harmful substances in the soil, and, on the contrary, grow in that direction, where the nutrients are found.
But that’s not all. According to Mancuso, experiments on slime mold mushrooms have shown that they build such optimal systems for transporting nutrients that they resemble the road systems of major cities in the world. A similar phenomenon has been observed in experiments on legumes. Laboratory observations have shown that legumes grow exactly in the direction where the plant supports. That is, if you put a stick next to the pot, then the plant will grow in this direction. But the most interesting thing is further.
If two plants grow near the stick, and one of them has grown to the first stick, then the second stops growing in this direction and grows in the other, looking for another support. This is again to the question of competition – there is simply no competition between plants.
Further more. The nervous system of plants is so developed that they are able to see. Scientists made such an assumption while observing the clinging vine of the boquila trifoliolata species . This plant is attached to different trees, but the most interesting thing is that it can mimic its owner. When the vine grows to a tree, it suddenly begins to copy it and release the same leaves. T
hat is, this vine growing on two different trees may have different leaves in order to disguise itself as its, so to speak, “victim”. So what happens? It turns out that this vine has vision and the ability to copy what it “sees”.
Chilean botanists went further and “offered” a plastic plant to the liana, but the liana coped with this task, just copying the shape of the plastic leaves. That is, here we are talking about the fact that the vine analyzes the shape of the plant not by its chemical or physiological composition. It’s about vision.
For the first time, the idea that plants have vision was proposed by the German botanist Gottlieb Haberlandt, who suggested that they can see with the help of the epidermis. This idea was supported at one time by Francis Darwin.
According to biophysicist and doctor of biological sciences Felix Litvin, plants with the help of plant pigments in their cells are able to literally “see”, that is, analyze the environment due to the ratio of light and shadow. The scientist confirms this assumption by the fact that the leaves on the tree grow in such a way that they do not block the light from each other.
That is, the plant in the most optimal way captures all possible space in order to absorb light, without leaving the slightest gap between the leaves. People would like to learn such rationality!
As for the aforementioned liana, it most likely analyzes the leaves of foreign trees due to the ratio of light and shadow, and so forms a new leaf shape.
According to Stefano Mancuso, plants are capable of perceiving at least 20 different types of influences. So their roots sense harmful substances, are able to distinguish between chemical components, react to impulses, are able to feel changes in the level of oxygen, salt, light, temperature, and so on.
The roots always tend to grow towards the water source, and this is ensured by the fact that the roots are literally able to hear. According to Stefano Mancuso’s research, the roots of plants hear frequencies in the region of 200 hertz and begin to grow in this direction, since it is in this range that the sound of water noise is located.
The communication of trees with each other is not at all a fantasy. What do plants talk about? This is how Canadian scientists became convinced that trees are able to transfer water and nutrients to their fellows who lack resources. And this indicates that plants communicate with each other with the help of some impulses.
Mancuso describes that if one plant experiences some discomfort – a lack of water or nutrients, an attack by insects, and so on, it transmits the corresponding impulses to other plants, and they develop resistance to certain negative influences.
Thus, plants are able to transmit distress signals and requests for help to each other, to which other plants respond willingly. This is what we humans should also learn from plants.
Scientists have proven that plants feel pain. So researchers from the University of Tel Aviv found (biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/507590v4) that plants are capable of transmitting a certain high-frequency sound that indicates pain. Scientists in the course of the experiment deprived the water of tomato and tobacco plants, and also made several cuts on their stems.
After that, a highly sensitive microphone, which was located at a distance of ten centimeters, recorded that the plants began to emit sounds in the range of 20-100 kilohertz.
So it was recorded that after cutting the tomato stem, it emitted 25 signals within an hour, the tobacco plant in a similar situation emitted 15 signals. When plants were deprived of water, they began to signal their pain more actively, making up to 35 sounds.
Plants feel pain is a scientific fact.
In a stressful situation, the studied plants emitted ultrasonic signals, while in a stress-free situation they also emitted signals, but of much lower intensity and much less frequently. Thus, this is evidence also of the fact that there is a communication of plants with each other, which becomes more active during stressful situations. And a year before these studies, scientists also found out that plants throw substances with an unpleasant taste into their leaves when these leaves begin to be torn from them. So the plant tries to scare away an insect or animal that eats it.
But the most interesting thing is that plants are able to communicate not only with each other, but also with other living organisms. So, according to scientists, the plant emits not random sounds, but those that can be recognized by other living organisms. For example, if a caterpillar eats a plant, then the sound that the plant makes at the same time can be recognized by insectivores, and they literally come to the rescue.
And this once again proves how harmoniously the world is, where all living beings interact with each other. Everyone … except people. Sadly to admit, it turns out that the plant and the insect have learned to find a common language better than humans.
And if trees could speak, they would probably tell us a lot and teach us a lot. But we, we have gone too far from nature and have forgotten how to hear her voice. We are accustomed to the fact that only we are sentient beings on earth. We eat animals, fish and cut trees. For some reason, we believe that all of them are only born to be consumed by us.
But any gardener knows that a tree feels pain and is able to hear. There is even an effective method to make the tree bear fruit if it is not producing well. To do this, two people come up to the tree, and the next small “show” is played out.
One person lightly hits the trunk of a tree with an ax and says that the tree is bad, does not yield a harvest and needs to be cut down, and the second person standing next to him “intercepts” the tree and says that there is no need to chop it down, because next year the tree must will bear fruit. And more often than not the next year the tree really bears more fruit.
Probably it would be interesting what plants think about? Plants are far more altruistic than most people, and are far more likely to think about the common good than the personal, according to Erwin Thom. For example, if a tree runs out of water, it signals that it is running out of water. And then all the trees on a certain piece of land slow down the consumption of water so that there is enough for everyone. And the smaller the water supply, the more the growth of trees and the consumption of water slows down.
As we can see, the forest is a whole world where trees live harmoniously, and by the example of their interaction, people could create an ideal society. And this, in fact, would be possible if we only learned to hear what the trees tell us and recognize their signs. But, alas, these signs can only be heard by their brothers.
And the person continues to swing the ax, considering himself the king of nature. But the king is the one who takes care of each of his subjects. And swinging an ax is the lot of the executioner, not the king. Let’s stop being executioners and learn to hear the voice of nature in the rustle of leaves?