Bodybuilding or bodybuilding is the process of transforming the body through physical training. Literally translated from English, the word ” bodybuilding ” is ” bodybuilding “, that is, continuous work on the development of strength, endurance and muscle building. Bodybuilding athletes take bodybuilding much more seriously. Building a beautiful and relief body for them is a special ideology and leading a certain way of life.
Bodybuilders or bodybuilders are athletes who constantly perform exercises with various types of weights. They believe that bodybuilding is a whole philosophy of life, not just a sports discipline. Vivid evidence of these words are millions of people who are engaged in bodybuilding. The number of professionals participating in the competition is much smaller, but this does not affect the popularity of the sport.
To build an ideal body, it is necessary to completely revise the general routine of life, to include in it:
- strength physical training with lifting weights, training on simulators;
- a high-energy diet that includes an increase in carbohydrate and protein-rich foods;
- the use of proteins and gainers;
- taking diuretics , hormones, fat burners, steroids, anti-catabolics that remove excess fluid when necessary.
The basis of strength training is muscle hypertrophy, getting rid of fat deposits, creating muscle relief with a pronounced venous pattern. To achieve this, the training program includes such types of aerobic activity as exercise on stationary bicycles, swimming, running. This allows you to achieve harmony and aesthetics in building a beautiful body. Athletes who exercise in this way are people of strength of mind, perseveringly striving to achieve their goals.
If in powerlifting and in weightlifting, special attention is paid to how much weight an athlete can take, then in bodybuilding this aspect is not so important. Strength and endurance are paramount to bodybuilders. They directly affect the productivity of the class.
Professionals participating in bodybuilding competitions pose in the framework of performances, which assessed the general level of physical development, volume, symmetry and aesthetics. Participants take both Mandatory and Free Poses. The first place is won by the bodybuilder who has the most perfect body.
Young men and adolescents who have decided to devote themselves to this discipline are interested in, and what time you can start doing bodybuilding. Medical experts are of the opinion that strength training should be started at the age of eighteen. At this age, the hormonal background is already stable, the musculoskeletal system is almost completing its formation.
The striving for spiritual and physical perfection has been inherent in man at all times. Sculptures from ancient times are an excellent confirmation of the harmonious development of the body. The beginning of the birth of bodybuilding in the form that is known to modern man began at the end of the nineteenth century.
The siloviki and weightlifters of those times were strikingly different from the bodybuilders of our time. They looked more like members of a beer club. Some of them, having decided not to focus only on strength training, began to work on building a harmoniously developed body. Among them was Evgeny Sandov . This athlete is considered the ancestor of bodybuilding.
It was he who organized the very first bodybuilding competition in 1901, and later created a training program aimed at increasing the volume and increasing muscle strength. He was deservedly considered the strongest. Sandow’s chest supported the weight of a platform with three horses. With his hand he could lift a barbell with two adults. Those who have won a victory in the competition “Mr. Olympia” are awarded a bronze profile.
Bodybuilding reached its peak of fame in the second half of the last century. Comic book characters released in the fifties and sixties now have a well-defined muscle definition. Hollywood directors began to call bodybuilders to act in films.
Steve Reeves became the first significant film bodybuilder of those years. The role of Hercules brought him fame. In the seventies, Arnold Schwarzenegger won popularity and recognition among the audience , who became Mr. Olympia several times. His mass and muscle volume were vastly superior to those of bodybuilders before him. He has made an invaluable contribution to the popularization of bodybuilding.
The modern bodybuilding industry is designed in such a way that athletes who win qualifying competitions are considered professionals. Such bodybuilders receive a special card, the issuance of which is supervised by the International Federation of Bodybuilding. This document allows you to take part in the “Night of Champions” or “Arnold Classic” competitions.
The most significant competition for bodybuilders is Mr. Olympia, which has been held since September 1965. It is overseen by the International Bodybuilding Federation. The first time it was held in New York, but since 1998 it has been held in Las Vegas with an enviable constant. There is an analogue of the competition for women who are professionally interested in bodybuilding. It runs in parallel, and its winner becomes Miss Olympia.
In the history of this championship, 13 people have become winners. The record holder is Ronnie Coleman from the USA, who won the main prize eight times, followed by the American Lee Haney and Arnold Schwarzenegger, who played for Austria, who won seven times each
Varieties of bodybuilding
Bodybuilding is divided into many types, but several directions are most widespread.
This is the process of pumping up muscles and building a beautiful relief body without taking any steroid drugs that accelerate anabolic processes. This type of bodybuilding was especially popular in the nineties of the last century.
Supporters of natural bodybuilding urge athletes to completely abandon steroids, doping and other drugs that stimulate muscle growth. The goal of training is mainly to improve your health and fitness, not build up a mountain of muscle. Priority is placed on a harmoniously developed and proportional body, a healthy heart, and the development of strong immunity.
There are a huge number of international organizations focused exclusively on natural bodybuilding, in which it is unacceptable to take any drugs that affect the growth of muscles and the accompanying processes.
A relatively new and official direction in bodybuilding accepted in the international association. It, unlike other types of bodybuilding, is completely focused on the development of an aesthetic and harmonious physique, and not on increasing muscle volume.
Athletes engaged in regular bodybuilding, like weightlifters, must have a certain mass. Classical bodybuilding does not impose such restrictions. The division of bodybuilders in this discipline is more focused on height rather than weight.
A distinctive feature of fans of this trend is the complete absence of pronounced muscle hypertrophy. The main ideology of the movement boils down to the fact that a person cannot look like a mountain of muscles, but must have an attractive, aesthetically pleasing and developed body with ideal proportions and traced relief.
It has existed for a long time, but official competitions in which women were evaluated according to standards accepted in bodybuilding began to be held only in 1978. The main goal of this type of bodybuilding is a harmonious combination of muscles pumped up in volume and a graceful female body. The focus on muscles in discipline is not as close as in men. The popularity of female bodybuilding has waned slightly. This is due to the emergence of such widespread sports as fitness.
The benefits and harms of bodybuilding
This sports discipline has a positive effect on a person, which is expressed in increasing muscle endurance and strength, gaining a harmoniously developed physique. Physical activity and trainings can improve the condition of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, increase immunity. An invaluable advantage is the fact that a person with developed muscles looks attractive in the eyes of others.
Bodybuilding is certainly beneficial, but only in moderation. There is a category of athletes who want to achieve quick results, overloading their body. This becomes the cause of overtraining. Doctors are of the opinion that intense physical activity improves health with a rational approach, and exhausting training, on the contrary, is harmful. An excessively high load can damage blood vessels, heart muscle, muscles.
The risks of harming one’s own body are also great with the increased enthusiasm of the bodybuilder with various kinds of steroids. These drugs activate and enhance the anabolic processes in the body. As hormonal drugs, they are capable of provoking a number of the following serious complications:
- gynecomastia, that is, breast hypertrophy, as well as testicular atrophy in representatives of the strong half of humanity;
- masculinization, that is, the “degeneration” of a woman’s body into a semblance of a man’s;
- renal and hepatic impairment;
- heart attack, ischemic heart disease (heart ischemia);
- erectile dysfunction;
These effects develop only as a result of prolonged use and an increase in the dose of hormonal drugs. Professional bodybuilders are officially prohibited from taking anabolic steroids. This does not apply to amateurs, among whom there are those who wish to gain rapid mass gains without much effort. Therefore, the use of doping is a major problem in bodybuilding.